Installing and configuring Oracle Database 11g

Installing and configuring Oracle Database 11g

Installing and configuring Oracle Database 11g

1- Introduction

This document is based on:
  • Oracle 11g R2 (Release 2)  (64 bit)

  • Window 7 (64 bit)

See more:
  • SQL Tutorial for Beginners with Oracle

2- Download Oracle 11g

Oracle allows you to freely download. You can access the home page of
Oracle to download this software.
Please check whether your operating system is
32bit bit or
64bit to download exactly.
After finishing downloading, you have 2 zip files. Decompress them in the same folder.

3- Installing Oracle 11g on Windows

First, we need to understand the structure of
Oracle a bit:

The structure of
Oracle includes:

  1. Oracle software
  2. And Database
Each Database contains many
SCHEMA, and the name of
Schema is simultaneously the User name to log in that
Schema. A Schema contains a system of tables, views, functions, procedures, packages, etc.

That means that after installing the 
Oracle software is complete, we can create one or more Database. Usually you only need 1.

As illustrated below, we install
Oracle software, and create two database named
Db11g and
ORCL respectively. The name of the database is also known as SID.

Setup Oracle:

If you decompress two installing zip files of Oracles in two folders,
and begin installing the setup file in the folder 1. During the
installment, it will require you to indicate the position of folder 2
for continuing to install.
We will install
Oracle software and immediately create a Database named as 
db11g (or
SID = db11g).
For the studying purpose or for small companies, select:
  • Desktop class
To store many kinds of language (including Vietnamese), you should select: Unicode (
AL32UTF8)

  • Character Set: Unicode (AL32UTF8)
  • Global database name: db11g (You can select another name, this is the name of database, known as SID)
And wait until the installation is complete.
Now the installment of
Oracle is successful. Parameters relating to database will be synthesized, and you should remember this information.
In the next step, the installer will create Database named as db11g like the previous step where we named.
This is the summary information after a successful installation:
If
Windows shows a warning of blocking the activity of
Oracle, you click on 
“Allow access” for allowing
Oracle to work.

4- Check the installation and install the expansion

After the successful installation, services of Oracle are automatically started. We can access to Service of Windows to check.
There are 7 services of
Oracle, but usually three services are enough for the operation:
  • OracleDBConsole
  • OracleOra_home1TNSListener
  • OracleService

4.1- Oracle DB Console

OracleDBConsole Service helps you access to the administration page to manage
Database through URL:
Using 
OracleDBConsole allows you to see overall how your DB
is operating, how resources are used, how users work, and what order is
executed,… (In this document, I do not mention it in detail).
If your
Oracle is used for the purpose of learning, you can turn off the 
OracleDBConsole service for avoiding wasting computer
resources unnecessarily. For the best, you turn the starting mode to
Manual so that the service does not automatically start whenever the
computer starts. You can actively run it if necessary.

4.2- SQL Plus

SQL Plus is a simple Console tool that allows you to
execute SQL command. Usually, we work with a more visual tool (It is
unavailable when you install
Oracle) that you need to install additionally. It can be software provided by a third party.
To have the highest permissions we log into user
sys.

Syntax:

  • /@

For example:

  • sys/admin@db11g

To login user
sys with the highest privileges (sysdba: System DB Admin)

  • sys/admin@db11g as sysdba

Here I access the
system (user) to create an example schema (Not necessarily use DBA privileges)

Create a new 
SCHEMA whose name is myschema and password is 1234. In essence, we create a
user whose name is
myschema, as
user and
schema are the same name in
Oracle.
-- Create user (schema), password 1234
Create user myschema identified by 1234;
-- Grant to myschema.
-- For example: dba: DB Admin.
grant dba to myschema;
Connect to the Schema just created:
connect myschema/1234@db11g;
Try to query a table:
Note: DUAL is a system table, can use in all SCHEMA, can try query it.
-- DUAL is a system table.
Select * from Dual;
Create table:
-- Create table Account
Create table Account (User_Name varchar2(30), Full_Name varchar2(64) ) ;
-- Insert 2 row to Account.
Insert into Account(user_name, full_name) values ('gates', 'Bill Gate');
Insert into Account(user_name, full_name) values ('edison', 'Thomas Edison');
-- Query
Select * from Account;
You should install a visual tool, 
SQL Plus is just a basic tool.

You can see the instruction of installing and using a visual tool (
PL/SQL Developer):
  • Installing and configuring PL/SQL Developer

4.3- Create new Database

As we all know, Oracle can create multiple databases.

Each database has a name, the name is usually the same as the SID (System Identify DB).

Database have one or more Schema

We rarely have to add a new
Database, if any, we add a new
Schema to an available
Database. However, during the installation of
Oracle, if you don’t select to automatically create Database, you can use this function to create a new DB. Besides, if you install
Database whose Character Set is unsuitable, you can delete DB and create a new one. 

In case you want to delete available Database:

Crate a Database:

Enter Database name and
SID. For the best,
SID should be alike Database name.
The installation is simple, you can continue. 

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