Applies to: Windows Server (Semi-Annual Channel), Windows Server 2016, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows Server 2012
Looking for information about older versions of Windows Server? Check out our other Windows Server libraries on docs.microsoft.com. You can also search this site for specific information.
Once you have deployed Windows Server into your environment, including
the specific roles for the features and functions you need, the next
step is managing those servers. Windows Server includes a number of
tools to help you understand your Windows Server environment, manage
specific servers, fine-tune performance, and eventually automate many
Manage Windows Server systems and environments
The tools you use to manage Windows Server instances depend, in large
amount, on the types of systems you have deployed (Windows Server with
Desktop Experience vs Server Core), physical versus virtual machines,
and where your servers are located. Use the following information to
perform basic management tasks on Windows Server.
Use the following table to determine which tools to use when.
|I am||Install & run Windows Admin Center||Run Server Manager on Windows Server||Run Server Manager in RSAT on Windows 10|
|Sitting at a Windows 10 PC||X||X|
|Sitting at a Windows Server system running the desktop experience||X||X||X|
|Sitting at a Windows Server system running Server Core||X (install on Windows 10, use to manage Server Core)||X|
|Sitting far away from my Windows Server system||X||X|
|Sitting far away from my Windows Server system but it DOES have desktop experience||X||Use RDS to remote into the server, then use Server Manager||X|
In addition to the tools mentioned below, you can also use Remote Desktop Services to access on-premises, remote, and virtual servers. Then you can use Server Manager to perform management tasks.
Manage on-premises systems, remote systems, and systems without UI with Windows Admin Center
Windows Admin Center
is a browser-based management app that enables on-premises
administration of Windows Servers with no Azure or cloud dependency.
Windows Admin Center gives you full control over all aspects of your
server infrastructure and is particularly useful for management on
private networks that are not connected to the Internet. You can install
Windows Admin Center on Windows 10, on a gateway server, or directly on
the Windows Server system that you want to manage.
Windows Admin Center is the official name of what we used to call “Project Honolulu.”
Manage on-premises systems with Server Manager
is a management console included in the full installation of Windows
Server. (It is not available for installs that don’t have UI – Server
Core doesn’t include Server Manager.) Use Server Manager to install and
remove server roles, add and remove remote servers, start and stop
services, and view data gathered about your environment.
Manage remote systems and systems without UI with Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT)
If your environment includes installations of Server Core or remote
servers (either on-premises or virtual machines), you can use the Remote Server Administration tools (RSAT) to manage those systems. RSAT includes Server Manager, so you can use it to manage all of your servers.
RSAT runs on Windows 10. You can’t install RSAT on Windows Server Core.
You can also manage Server Core installations from the command line. See Basic administration tasks in Server Core.
Manage updates to Windows Server systems
You can use Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) to manage and deploy updates to the systems in your Windows Server environment.
Gather information about your environment
Many of the decisions you make as an administrator depend on data
about the systems and users in your environment. Use the following
information and tools to gather that data.
Start with Configure Windows diagnostic data in your organization for information about the diagnostic data that can be gathered from Windows 10 and Windows Server.
Setup and Boot Event Collection lets you designate a “collector”
computer that can gather a variety of important events that occur on
other computers when they boot or go through the setup process. You can
then later analyze the collected events with Event Viewer, Message
Analyzer, Wevtutil, or Windows PowerShell cmdlets.
Software Inventory Logging in Windows Server is a feature with a
simple set of PowerShell cmdlets that help server administrators
retrieve a list of the Microsoft software that is installed on their
servers. It also provides the capability to collect and forward this
data periodically over the network to a target web server, using the
HTTPS protocol, for aggregation. Managing the feature, primarily for
hourly collection and forwarding, is also done with PowerShell commands.
User Access Logging aggregates unique client device and user request
events that are logged on a computer running Windows Server 2016,
Windows Server 2012 R2, or Windows Server 2012 into a local database.
These records are then made available (through a query by a server
administrator) to retrieve quantities and instances by server role, by
user, by device, by the local server, and by date. In addition, UAL also
enables non-Microsoft software developers to instrument their UAL
events to be aggregated.
Tune your Windows Server environment for performance
Use the following information to help tune your environment for performance.
Review a set of guidelines that you can use to tune the server
settings in Windows Server 2016 and obtain incremental performance or
energy efficiency gains, especially when the nature of the workload
varies little over time.
With Microsoft Server Performance Advisor (SPA), you can collect
metrics to diagnose performance issues on Windows servers unobtrusively
without adding software agents or reconfiguring production servers. SPA
generates comprehensive performance reports and historical charts with
Automate Windows Server management
Windows Server includes a set of commands and Windows PowerShell modules that you can use to automate management tasks.
Winows PowerShell is a command-line shell and scripting language designed to let you rapidly automate administrative tasks.
perform administrative tasks in Windows. You can use the command
reference to familiarize yourself with the command-line tools, to learn
about the command shell, and to automate command-line tasks by using
batch files or scripting tools.
Windows Server Insider Preview
System Insights is a new feature that introduces predictive analytics
natively to Windows Server. These predictive capabilities locally
analyze Windows Server system data, such as performance counters or ETW
events, helping IT administrators proactively detect and address
problematic behavior in their deployments.